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Agricultural Implements/Equipments

Updated: Apr 14, 2023

Agriculture is a time-consuming operation that cannot be completed by hand. As a result, agricultural procedures must be carried out with the aid of equipment and machines. These agricultural tools that are used in the cultivation of plants are called agricultural implements.

What are Agricultural Implements?

Agricultural implements are the tools needed to carry out farming operations. In today's farming activities, a variety of agricultural equipment are employed. In general, there are five different sorts of implements.

Agriculture implements are equipment that are used in agricultural activities to decrease human labor and improve field crop yield. Harvesters, drag, disc harrows, cultivators, seed drills, harrows, spades, pickage, ploughs, and other agricultural instruments are among the most common. In nations like India, where agriculture and farming are the predominant vocations, these equipment are in high demand.

Agricultural equipment are what make the difference between productive-profitable farming and unprofitable-unproductive farming. If you desire to practice profitable, modern agriculture then you must use agricultural equipment.

Agricultural equipment are different from machines because they don’t have several moving parts designed to perform a particular task and they aren’t driven from their own dedicated energy sources like electricity, steam, gas or fuel.

Agricultural equipment use power supplied or transmitted to them from another entity, usually a tractor.

Classes of Agricultural Equipment

Based on the tasks that agricultural equipment perform in agriculture, they can be broadly classified into seven categories: Planters, Shellers, Cutters, Ploughs, Tillers, Harvesters and Sprayers.

  1. Planter

The agricultural equipment in this category perform the task of properly inserting or putting seeds into the ground so that they can grow well. If seeds aren’t placed into the ground in the correct way or method, they won’t grow. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Multi-crop Seed Drill

It performs seeding and fertilization process simultaneously in a single pass. Its usage increases farm yield by 10%

Potato Planter

It is used for making ridges and planting potato seeds simultaneously

Pneumatic Planter

It is an adjustable seed depth control system which ensures that seeds are placed in suitable moisture environment that can later be covered with adequate soil. It also preserves seeds from internal and external obstacles that prevent it from maturing

  1. Sheller

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for removing the outer covering (skin, bark or husk) of harvested crops. These agricultural equipment perform the first processing work on harvested crops making them suitable for either human consumption or industrial use. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are

Maize Sheller

It is a mobile maize Sheller that can either be Tractor (PTO) or electric motor operated. It separates maize from its comb.

Wheat Thresher

It separates wheat grain from the rest of the wheat plant

Rice Thresher

It takes rice plant input from one end, beats it thoroughly and separates the rice grain from the rest of the plant

  1. Cutter

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for removing or leveling grass, weed and other type of vegetation that cover the top layers of a land. These agricultural equipment are used to clear a land in preparation for both farming and non-farming operations on the land. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Rear Blades

It is used for farm and yard clearing and cleaning.

Lawn Mower

It is used for cutting grass and other top-layer vegetation growing on the land.

  1. Ploughs

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for digging and turning over the soil before seeds are planted. Seeds need a lot of nutrients from the soil in order to grow well. These nutrients are available as organic matter in the soil. Most of these organic matters are present in the lower soil than in the top soil. So these agricultural equipment perform the task of moving nutritious soil to the top so that seeds can receive the nutrients they need for growth. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Mould Board Plough

It is used where soil inversion is needed. It cuts, partially or completely inverts a layer of soil to bury surface materials and pulverize the soil.

  1. Tiller

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for preparing the land in order to use it for growing crops. Not every agricultural land is used for growing crops. Some are used for rearing animals. The lands to be used for growing crops need extra treatment which this category of agricultural equipment performs. Tillers break up the top soil, allow air circulation in the soil (aeration) and water retention in the soil which are all necessary for improving the ability of a land to grow crops. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Disc Harrow

It is used for chopping and mixing crop residue.

Cultivator

It stirs and pulverizes the soil for aerations (before planting) and for weed control (after planting).

  1. Harvester

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for cutting off ripe crops or plants and for gathering them. Harvesting is a very tedious operation on the farm and it is the point at which losses and wastages detrimental to your farming business can occur. The agricultural equipment in this category helps you perform the task of harvesting your crops in such a way that waste and losses are reduced to the bare minimum so that you can enjoy the fruits of your labour. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Multi-crop Reaper

It harvests crops and lays them gently on the ground in form of windrow.

Potato Harvester

It uproots potato from the ground and separates it from the soil.

  1. Sprayers

The agricultural equipment in this category are used for dispersing or spreading substances (usually liquid) across the farmland. The substances that these agricultural equipment disperse across the farm are needed for keeping the crops healthy or to fight off pests that are harmful to the crops and plants on the farm. Some examples of this type of agricultural equipment are:

Boom Spray

It is used for spraying liquids (pesticides or herbicides) at high pressure.

Fertilizer Broadcaster

It is used for spreading fertilizer evenly across the farm in an effective and efficient manner.

Benefits of Agricultural Implements

The following are some of the advantages of agricultural implements:

  1. Human labor has dropped by a factor of ten.

  2. When tools are employed, less labor is required.

  3. They aid in the development of more efficient

  4. It reduces the cost of labor.

  5. The agricultural equipment are a once-in-a-lifetime

  6. It helps you save both time and money.

  7. These tools boost total earnings.

  8. Aids the expansion of agricultural enterprises that produce these devices.

Indian Agricultural Implements Market Drivers:
  1. Substitute for manual labor: Agriculture equipment have the ability to replace physical labor, which is one of their main advantages. Despite the fact that India has one of the largest populations in the world, labor shortages have impacted all sectors of the economy.

  2. High Productivity and efficiency: Agricultural equipment boost output, efficiency, and per-person productivity. Mechanization enhances land yield per unit of the area while simultaneously lowering labor costs, resulting in improved land utilization and hence increased agricultural revenue.

  3. Long Terms Cost Savings: Purchasing agricultural tools requires a large upfront capital investment. They seem to be more cost-efficient over time when compared to physical labor and work animals.

  4. Improvements in Agriculture Techniques: Agricultural tools are also beneficial in terms of irrigation, land reclamation, and soil erosion prevention. Ploughing with a tractor, for example, reclaims more ground and so expands the cultivated area by smoothing out hillocks, filling up depressions and gullies, and eradicating deep-rooted weeds.

  5. Government Support: The fact that agriculture implements is a significant emphasis area for the government is another important driver of the sector. Agriculture continues to be the principal source of income for more than half of the country's population, making it a key vote bank for any administration seeking to maintain power. The Indian government also provides local farmers with subsidies on water, energy, agricultural machinery, agrochemicals, hybrid seeds, and other items.

  6. Large Agricultural Economy: India is the world's second-most populous country, accounting for over 18% of the global population. The demand for diverse agricultural goods has expanded dramatically as a result of expanding population.

  7. Increase in custom hiring of implements: Agriculture tools have a high capital cost, which may deter many small-scale farmers from purchasing them. Furthermore, farmers with tiny landholdings do not find investing in their own agricultural tools to be financially viable.

How to buy the right agricultural equipment

Before you can get the right agricultural equipment for your farm, you first have to know what farming operation you want to perform on your farm. Looking at the seven categories above will give you an idea of the type of agricultural equipment you will need to perform any task on your farm. After you are certain of what you want to accomplish on your farm, the next step is to pick the equipment that will perform the task efficiently and effectively.

Two things are necessary for picking an effective and efficient agricultural equipment. These two things are: Material and Cost

Material: the type of material used to build or construct agricultural equipment determines how effective the equipment will perform the task at hand. Agricultural equipment made from metals like Steel, Silver, Aluminum and plastics like PVC will be durable and strong. These two factors (durability and strength) will make the agricultural equipment perform the given task in good time without breaking down, malfunctioning or wearing out. You don’t want to get an agricultural equipment that will malfunction regularly and take too long to complete the task at hand. This will lead to very low levels of productivity on your farm.

Cost: the cost of the agricultural equipment is responsible for efficiency. If using the agricultural equipment will come at a running cost that will make you lose money, then it is not efficient to your agriculture business. Cost can be calculated as the price you buy or lease the agriculture equipment plus the full price of running the equipment (money spent on personnel and consumables like fuel, spare parts etc.). If the cost of the agricultural equipment is so high that it eats into the revenue and profits generated from your farm, then it isn’t an efficient agricultural equipment to continue using on your farm.

Make sure you always consider these two factors before buying any agricultural equipment for your farm.

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